Sake Vs Mirin : What’s the Differences

Sake Vs Mirin


When it comes to Japanese cooking, many people may think of the popular dishes such as sushi, ramen, and tempura. However, in order to create these delicious delights, the use of two particular ingredients, sake and mirin, plays a critical role. But what is the difference between the two? In this guide, we’ll be taking a closer look at the distinctions between sake and mirin, as well as exploring how each of these ingredients is used in Japanese cooking.

What Is Sake?

Sake, or nihonshu, is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice. It is also known as Japanese rice wine, though it is not technically a wine as it is not made from grapes. It is an integral part of Japanese culture, with its production and consumption having a long history in the country. Sake is often served during special occasions such as wedding ceremonies, and is also used in the preparation of various dishes.

What Is Mirin?

Mirin is a type of Japanese condiment made from fermented rice. It is similar to sake in that it is also made from fermented rice, however, the process of making mirin is different from that of sake. Unlike sake, which is an alcoholic beverage, mirin is a syrup-like condiment, and it has a much lower alcohol content than sake. It is most commonly used in Japanese cooking for seasoning dishes, giving them a slightly sweet flavor.

The Difference between Sake and Mirin

The main difference between sake and mirin is the alcohol content. Sake is an alcoholic beverage, while mirin is a condiment with a much lower alcohol content. Sake also has a much higher acidity than mirin, and it is stronger in flavor. Mirin is also sweeter than sake, which makes it ideal for adding sweetness to dishes.

Another difference between the two is the production process. Sake is made by fermenting rice, while mirin is made by a process called “shimai motozukuri”, which involves fermenting steamed rice with kome koji, a type of fungus. This gives mirin its unique flavor.

Sake vs Mirin: How They Are Used in Japanese Cooking

Sake and mirin are both commonly used in Japanese cooking. The sake is usually used as a seasoning in dishes such as sushi, ramen, and tempura, and it also helps to enhance the flavors of the ingredients. It is also used as a marinade for meat and fish dishes.

Mirin, on the other hand, is mainly used as a seasoning or condiment. It is commonly used to add sweetness to dishes such as teriyaki and tonkatsu. It is also an important ingredient in making sauces such as tsuyu, which is used to season soba and udon noodles.

The Health Benefits of Sake and Mirin

Both sake and mirin have some health benefits. Sake contains various vitamins and minerals, including vitamin B and amino acids, which can help to promote digestion and boost the immune system. It also contains antioxidants, which can help to reduce inflammation.

Mirin is a good source of vitamins and minerals, such as magnesium, calcium, and iron. It is also a good source of dietary fiber, which can help to regulate blood sugar levels and promote healthy digestion.


Sake and mirin are two key ingredients in Japanese cooking, and while both are made from fermented rice, there are some important differences between them. Sake is an alcoholic beverage with a higher acidity and stronger flavor than mirin, while mirin is a condiment with a much lower alcohol content and sweetness. Both ingredients have their own unique uses in Japanese cooking, and they also provide various health benefits.

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